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Quotes by Immanuel Kant

Welcome to our collection of quotes (with shareable picture quotes) by Immanuel Kant. We hope you enjoy pondering them and that you will share them widely.

Wikipedia Summary for Immanuel Kant

Immanuel Kant (UK: , US: ; German: [ɪˈmaːnu̯eːl ˈkant, -nu̯ɛl -]; 22 April 1724 – 12 February 1804) was a German philosopher and one of the central Enlightenment thinkers. Kant's comprehensive and systematic works in epistemology, metaphysics, ethics, and aesthetics have made him one of the most influential figures in modern Western philosophy.

In his doctrine of transcendental idealism, Kant argued that space and time are mere "forms of intuition" which structure all experience, and therefore that while "things-in-themselves" exist and contribute to experience, they are nonetheless distinct from the objects of experience. From this it follows that the objects of experience are mere "appearances", and that the nature of things as they are in themselves is consequently unknowable to us. In an attempt to counter the skepticism he found in the writings of philosopher David Hume, he wrote the Critique of Pure Reason (1781/1787), one of his most well-known works. In it, he developed his theory of experience to answer the question of whether synthetic a priori knowledge is possible, which would in turn make it possible to determine the limits of metaphysical inquiry. Kant drew a parallel to the Copernican revolution in his proposal that the objects of the senses must conform to our spatial and temporal forms of intuition, and that we can consequently have a priori cognition of the objects of the senses.

Kant believed that reason is also the source of morality, and that aesthetics arise from a faculty of disinterested judgment. Kant's views continue to have a major influence on contemporary philosophy, especially the fields of epistemology, ethics, political theory, and post-modern aesthetics. He attempted to explain the relationship between reason and human experience and to move beyond what he believed to be the failures of traditional philosophy and metaphysics. He wanted to put an end to what he saw as an era of futile and speculative theories of human experience, while resisting the skepticism of thinkers such as Hume. He regarded himself as showing the way past the impasse between rationalists and empiricists, and is widely held to have synthesized both traditions in his thought.

Kant was an exponent of the idea that perpetual peace could be secured through universal democracy and international cooperation, and that perhaps this could be the culminating stage of world history. The nature of Kant's religious views continues to be the subject of scholarly dispute, with viewpoints ranging from the impression that he shifted from an early defense of an ontological argument for the existence of God to a principled agnosticism, to more critical treatments epitomized by Schopenhauer, who criticized the imperative form of Kantian ethics as "theological morals" and the "Mosaic Decalogue in disguise", and Nietzsche, who claimed that Kant had "theologian blood" and was merely a sophisticated apologist for traditional Christian faith. Beyond his religious views, Kant has also been criticized for the racism presented in some of his lesser-known papers, such as "On the Use of Teleological Principles in Philosophy" and "On the Different Races of Man". Although he was a proponent of scientific racism for much of his career, Kant's views on race changed significantly in the last decade of his life, and he ultimately rejected racial hierarchies and European colonialism in Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Sketch (1795), though still considering Europeans as "civilized" to the exception of others.

Kant published other important works on ethics, religion, law, aesthetics, astronomy, and history during his lifetime. These include the Universal Natural History (1755), the Critique of Practical Reason (1788), the Critique of Judgment (1790), Religion within the Bounds of Bare Reason (1793), and the Metaphysics of Morals (1797).

Quote: Science is organized knowledge. Wisdom is organized life. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of two grey elephants on grass plains during sunset
Photo Credit: Mylon Ollila

Science is organized knowledge. Wisdom is organized life.


Quote: All our knowledge begins with the senses. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

All our knowledge begins with the senses.

Longer Version/[Notes]:

All our knowledge begins with the senses, proceeds then to the understanding, and ends with reason. There is nothing higher than reason.


Quote: There is nothing higher than reason. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

There is nothing higher than reason.


Quote: I had to deny knowledge in order to make room for faith. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of aerial photo of foggy mountains
Photo Credit: Samuel Ferrara

I had to deny knowledge in order to make room for faith.


Quote: All the interests of my reason, speculative as well as practical, combine in the three following questions: 1. What can I know? 2. What ought I to do? 3. What may I hope? by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of white
Photo Credit: Sincerely Media

All the interests of my reason, speculative as well as practical, combine in the three following questions: 1. What can I know? 2. What ought I to do? 3. What may I hope?


Quote: Good and strong will. Mechanism must precede science (learning). Also in morals and religion? Too much discipline makes one narrow and kills proficiency. Politeness belongs, not to discipline, but to polish, and thus comes last. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Good and strong will. Mechanism must precede science (learning). Also in morals and religion? Too much discipline makes one narrow and kills proficiency. Politeness belongs, not to discipline, but to polish, and thus comes last.


Quote: The busier we are, the more acutely we feel that we live. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

The busier we are, the more acutely we feel that we live.

Longer Version/[Notes]:

The busier we are, the more acutely we feel that we live, the more conscious we are of life.


Quote: I am never to act otherwise than so that I could also will that my maxim should become a universal law. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

I am never to act otherwise than so that I could also will that my maxim should become a universal law.


Quote: All appearances are real and negatio; sophistical: All reality must be sensation. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

All appearances are real and negatio; sophistical: All reality must be sensation.


Quote: If man is not to stifle his human feelings, he must practise kindness towards animals, for he who is cruel to animals becomes hard also in his dealings with men. We can judge the heart of a man by his treatment of animals. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

If man is not to stifle his human feelings, he must practise kindness towards animals, for he who is cruel to animals becomes hard also in his dealings with men. We can judge the heart of a man by his treatment of animals.


Quote: Anarchy is law and freedom without force. Despotism is law and force without freedom. Barbarism force without freedom and law. Republicanism is force with freedom and law. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Anarchy is law and freedom without force. Despotism is law and force without freedom. Barbarism force without freedom and law. Republicanism is force with freedom and law.


Quote: It is presumed that there exists a great unity in nature, in respect of the adequacy of a single cause to account for many different kinds of consequences. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

It is presumed that there exists a great unity in nature, in respect of the adequacy of a single cause to account for many different kinds of consequences.




Quote: He who has made great moral progress ceases to pray. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

He who has made great moral progress ceases to pray.


Quote: In every department of physical science there is only so much science, properly so-called, as there is mathematics. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

In every department of physical science there is only so much science, properly so-called, as there is mathematics.




Quote: Law And Freedom without Violence (Anarchy) Law And Violence without Freedom (Despotism) Violence without Freedom And Law (Barbarism) Violence with Freedom And Law (Republic). by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Law And Freedom without Violence (Anarchy) Law And Violence without Freedom (Despotism) Violence without Freedom And Law (Barbarism) Violence with Freedom And Law (Republic).


Quote: All natural capacities of a creature are destined to evolve completely to their natural end. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

All natural capacities of a creature are destined to evolve completely to their natural end.


Quote: Parents usually educate their children merely in such a manner than however bad the world may be, they may adapt themselves to its present conditions. But they ought to give them an education so much better than this, that a better condition of things may thereby be brought about by the future. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of Immanuel Kant quote: Parents usually educate their children merely in such a manner than however bad the world may be, they may adapt themselves to its present conditions. But they ought to give them an education so much better than this, that a better condition of things may thereby be brought about by the future.- black text on quotes background

Parents usually educate their children merely in such a manner than however bad the world may be, they may adapt themselves to its present conditions. But they ought to give them an education so much better than this, that a better condition of things may thereby be brought about by the future.


Quote: We can never, even by the strictest examination, get completely behind the secret springs of action. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

We can never, even by the strictest examination, get completely behind the secret springs of action.




Quote: Each according to his own way of seeing things, seek one goal, that is gratification. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Each according to his own way of seeing things, seek one goal, that is gratification.




Quote: It is difficult for the isolated individual to work himself out of the immaturity which has become almost natural for him. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

It is difficult for the isolated individual to work himself out of the immaturity which has become almost natural for him.


Quote: Through laziness and cowardice a large part of mankind, even after nature has freed them from alien guidance, gladly remain immature. It is because of laziness and cowardice that it is so easy for others to usurp the role of guardians. It is so comfortable to be a minor! by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of Immanuel Kant quote; white text on black background

Through laziness and cowardice a large part of mankind, even after nature has freed them from alien guidance, gladly remain immature. It is because of laziness and cowardice that it is so easy for others to usurp the role of guardians. It is so comfortable to be a minor!


Quote: Dare to know! Have the courage to use your own intelligence! by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Dare to know! Have the courage to use your own intelligence!


Quote: A society that is not willing to demand a life of somebody who has taken somebody else's life is simply immoral. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

A society that is not willing to demand a life of somebody who has taken somebody else's life is simply immoral.


Quote: I am myself by inclination an investigator. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

I am myself by inclination an investigator.


Quote: The sight of a being who is not adorned with a single feature of a pure and good will, enjoying unbroken prosperity, can never give pleasure to an impartial rational spectator. Thus a good will appears to constitute the indispensable condition even of being worthy of happiness. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of Immanuel Kant quote; white text on black background

The sight of a being who is not adorned with a single feature of a pure and good will, enjoying unbroken prosperity, can never give pleasure to an impartial rational spectator. Thus a good will appears to constitute the indispensable condition even of being worthy of happiness.


Quote: In all judgements by which we describe anything as beautiful, we allow no one to be of another opinion. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

In all judgements by which we describe anything as beautiful, we allow no one to be of another opinion.


Quote: Physicians think they are doing something for you by labeling what you have as a disease. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Physicians think they are doing something for you by labeling what you have as a disease.


Quote: That Logic has advanced in this sure course, even from the earliest times, is apparent from the fact that, since Aristotle, it has been unable to advance a step, and thus to all appearance has reached its completion. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

That Logic has advanced in this sure course, even from the earliest times, is apparent from the fact that, since Aristotle, it has been unable to advance a step, and thus to all appearance has reached its completion.


Quote: Fallacious and misleading arguments are most easily detected if set out in correct syllogistic form. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Fallacious and misleading arguments are most easily detected if set out in correct syllogistic form.




Quote: Have the courage to use your own reason --
that is the motto of enlightenment. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Have the courage to use your own reason --
that is the motto of enlightenment.


Quote: Psychologists have hitherto failed to realize that imagination is a necessary ingredient of perception itself. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Psychologists have hitherto failed to realize that imagination is a necessary ingredient of perception itself.


Quote: The function of the true state is to impose the minimum restrictions and safeguard the maximum liberties of the people, and it never regards the person as a thing. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

The function of the true state is to impose the minimum restrictions and safeguard the maximum liberties of the people, and it never regards the person as a thing.


Quote: All trades, arts, and handiwork have gained by division of labor, namely, when, instead of one man doing everything, each confines himself to a certain kind of work distinct from others in the treatment it requires, so as to be able to perform it with greater facility and in the greatest perfection. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of Immanuel Kant quote: All trades, arts, and handiwork have gained by division of labor, namely, when, instead of one man doing everything, each confines himself to a certain kind of work distinct from others in the treatment it requires, so as to be able to perform it with greater facility and in the greatest perfection.- black text on quotes background

All trades, arts, and handiwork have gained by division of labor, namely, when, instead of one man doing everything, each confines himself to a certain kind of work distinct from others in the treatment it requires, so as to be able to perform it with greater facility and in the greatest perfection.




Quote: It is often necessary to make a decision on the basis of knowledge sufficient for action but insufficient to satisfy the intellect. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

It is often necessary to make a decision on the basis of knowledge sufficient for action but insufficient to satisfy the intellect.


Quote: If I am to constrain you by any law, it must be one by which I am also bound. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

If I am to constrain you by any law, it must be one by which I am also bound.


Quote: The means employed by Nature to bring about the development of all the capacities of men is their antagonism in society, so far as this is, in the end, the cause of a lawful order among men. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

The means employed by Nature to bring about the development of all the capacities of men is their antagonism in society, so far as this is, in the end, the cause of a lawful order among men.


Quote: Democracy is necessarily despotism, as it establishes an executive power contrary to the general will; all being able to decide against one whose opinion may differ, the will of all is therefore not that of all: which is contradictory and opposite to liberty. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Democracy is necessarily despotism, as it establishes an executive power contrary to the general will; all being able to decide against one whose opinion may differ, the will of all is therefore not that of all: which is contradictory and opposite to liberty.


Quote: Ghost stories are always listened to and well received in private, but pitilessly disavowed in public. For my own part, ignorant as I am of the way in which the human spirit enters the world and the way in which he goes out of it, I dare not deny the truth of many such narratives. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of Immanuel Kant quote: Ghost stories are always listened to and well received in private, but pitilessly disavowed in public. For my own part, ignorant as I am of the way in which the human spirit enters the world and the way in which he goes out of it, I dare not deny the truth of many such narratives.- black text on quotes background

Ghost stories are always listened to and well received in private, but pitilessly disavowed in public. For my own part, ignorant as I am of the way in which the human spirit enters the world and the way in which he goes out of it, I dare not deny the truth of many such narratives.


Quote: Cruelty to animals is contrary to man's duty to himself, because it deadens in him the feeling of sympathy for their sufferings, and thus a natural tendency that is very useful to morality in relation to other human beings is weakened. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Cruelty to animals is contrary to man's duty to himself, because it deadens in him the feeling of sympathy for their sufferings, and thus a natural tendency that is very useful to morality in relation to other human beings is weakened.




Quote: Freedom is that faculty that enlarges the usefulness of all other faculties. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Freedom is that faculty that enlarges the usefulness of all other faculties.


Quote: There is a limit where the intellect fails and breaks down, and this limit is where the questions concerning God and freewill and immortality arise. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

There is a limit where the intellect fails and breaks down, and this limit is where the questions concerning God and freewill and immortality arise.


Quote: At some future day it will be proved, I cannot say when and where, that the human soul is, while in earth life, already in an uninterrupted communication with those living in another world. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

At some future day it will be proved, I cannot say when and where, that the human soul is, while in earth life, already in an uninterrupted communication with those living in another world.


Quote: An organized product of nature is that in which all the parts are mutually ends and means. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

An organized product of nature is that in which all the parts are mutually ends and means.


Quote: The bad thing of war is, that it makes more evil people than it can take away. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

The bad thing of war is, that it makes more evil people than it can take away.


Quote: Criticism alone can sever the root of materialism, fatalism, atheism, free-thinking, fanaticism, and superstition, which can be injurious universally; as well as of idealism and skepticism, which are dangerous chiefly to the Schools, and hardly allow of being handed on to the public. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of Immanuel Kant quote: Criticism alone can sever the root of materialism, fatalism, atheism, free-thinking, fanaticism, and superstition, which can be injurious universally; as well as of idealism and skepticism, which are dangerous chiefly to the Schools, and hardly allow of being handed on to the public.- black text on quotes background

Criticism alone can sever the root of materialism, fatalism, atheism, free-thinking, fanaticism, and superstition, which can be injurious universally; as well as of idealism and skepticism, which are dangerous chiefly to the Schools, and hardly allow of being handed on to the public.


Quote: It is through good education that all the good in the world arises. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

It is through good education that all the good in the world arises.




Quote: I freely admit that the remembrance of David Hume was the very thing that many years ago first interrupted my dogmatic slumber and gave a completely different direction to my researches in the field of speculative philosophy. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

I freely admit that the remembrance of David Hume was the very thing that many years ago first interrupted my dogmatic slumber and gave a completely different direction to my researches in the field of speculative philosophy.


Quote: Religion is too important a matter to its devotees to be a subject of ridicule. If they indulge in absurdities, they are to be pitied rather than ridiculed. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Religion is too important a matter to its devotees to be a subject of ridicule. If they indulge in absurdities, they are to be pitied rather than ridiculed.


Quote: The sum total of all possible knowledge of God is not possible for a human being, not even through a true revelation. But it is one of the worthiest inquiries to see how far our reason can go in the knowledge of God. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

The sum total of all possible knowledge of God is not possible for a human being, not even through a true revelation. But it is one of the worthiest inquiries to see how far our reason can go in the knowledge of God.


Quote: We find that the more a cultivated reason devotes itself to the aim of enjoying life and happiness, the further does man get away from true contentment. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

We find that the more a cultivated reason devotes itself to the aim of enjoying life and happiness, the further does man get away from true contentment.


Quote: Perhaps a revolution can overthrow autocratic despotism and profiteering or power-grabbing oppression, but it can never truly reform a manner of thinking; instead, new prejudices, just like the old ones they replace, will serve as a leash for the great unthinking mass. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of Immanuel Kant quote; white text on black background

Perhaps a revolution can overthrow autocratic despotism and profiteering or power-grabbing oppression, but it can never truly reform a manner of thinking; instead, new prejudices, just like the old ones they replace, will serve as a leash for the great unthinking mass.


Quote: Animals... are there merely as a means to an end. That end is man. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Animals... are there merely as a means to an end. That end is man.


Quote: If I have a book that thinks for me, a pastor who acts as my conscience, a physician who prescribes my diet, and so on... then I have no need to exert myself. I have no need to think, if only I can pay; others will take care of that disagreeable business for me. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

If I have a book that thinks for me, a pastor who acts as my conscience, a physician who prescribes my diet, and so on... then I have no need to exert myself. I have no need to think, if only I can pay; others will take care of that disagreeable business for me.


Quote: The people naturally adhere most to doctrines which demand the least self-exertion and the least use of their own reason, and which can best accommodate their duties to their inclinations. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

The people naturally adhere most to doctrines which demand the least self-exertion and the least use of their own reason, and which can best accommodate their duties to their inclinations.


Quote: Even a man's exact imitation of the song of the nightingale displeases us when we discover that it is a mimicry, and not the nightingale. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Even a man's exact imitation of the song of the nightingale displeases us when we discover that it is a mimicry, and not the nightingale.


Quote: Nature has willed that man should, by himself, produce everything that goes beyond the mechanical ordering of his animal existence, and that he should partake of no other happiness or perfection than that which he himself, independently of instinct, has created by his own reason. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of Immanuel Kant quote; white text on black background

Nature has willed that man should, by himself, produce everything that goes beyond the mechanical ordering of his animal existence, and that he should partake of no other happiness or perfection than that which he himself, independently of instinct, has created by his own reason.


Quote: The instruction of children should aim gradually to combine knowing and doing. Among all sciences mathematics seems to be the only one of a kind to satisfy this aim most completely. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

The instruction of children should aim gradually to combine knowing and doing. Among all sciences mathematics seems to be the only one of a kind to satisfy this aim most completely.


Quote: Freedom in the practical sense is the independence of the power of choice from necessitation by impulses of sensibility. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Freedom in the practical sense is the independence of the power of choice from necessitation by impulses of sensibility.


Quote: The evil effect of science upon men is principally this, that by far the greatest number of those who wish to display a knowledge of it accomplish no improvement at all of the understanding, but only a perversity of it, not to mention that it serves most of them as a tool of vanity. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of Immanuel Kant quote: The evil effect of science upon men is principally this, that by far the greatest number of those who wish to display a knowledge of it accomplish no improvement at all of the understanding, but only a perversity of it, not to mention that it serves most of them as a tool of vanity.- black text on quotes background

The evil effect of science upon men is principally this, that by far the greatest number of those who wish to display a knowledge of it accomplish no improvement at all of the understanding, but only a perversity of it, not to mention that it serves most of them as a tool of vanity.


Quote: Nature does nothing in vain, and in the use of means to her goals she is not prodigal. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Nature does nothing in vain, and in the use of means to her goals she is not prodigal.

Longer Version/[Notes]:

Nature does nothing in vain, and in the use of means to her goals she is not prodigal. Her giving to man reason and the freedom of the will which depends upon it is clear indication of her purpose. Man accordingly was not to be guided by instinct, not nurtured and instructed with ready-made knowledge; rather, he should bring forth everything out of his own resources.


Quote: Things which we see are not by themselves what we see ... It remains completely unknown to us what the objects may be by themselves and apart from the receptivity of our senses. We know nothing but our manner of perceiving them. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Things which we see are not by themselves what we see ... It remains completely unknown to us what the objects may be by themselves and apart from the receptivity of our senses. We know nothing but our manner of perceiving them.


Quote: The arts of speech are rhetoric and poetry. Rhetoric is the art of transacting a serious business of the understanding as if it were a free play of the imagination; poetry that of conducting a free play of the imagination as if it were a serious business of the understanding. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of Immanuel Kant quote; white text on black background

The arts of speech are rhetoric and poetry. Rhetoric is the art of transacting a serious business of the understanding as if it were a free play of the imagination; poetry that of conducting a free play of the imagination as if it were a serious business of the understanding.


Quote: Only the descent into the hell of self-knowledge can pave the way to godliness. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Only the descent into the hell of self-knowledge can pave the way to godliness.


Quote: To a high degree we are, through art and science, cultured. We are civilized -- perhaps too much for our own good -- in all sorts of social grace and decorum. But to consider ourselves as
having reached morality -- for that, much is lacking. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

To a high degree we are, through art and science, cultured. We are civilized -- perhaps too much for our own good -- in all sorts of social grace and decorum. But to consider ourselves as
having reached morality -- for that, much is lacking.


Quote: Three Conditions of Happiness
If you have work to do
If you have someone you love
If You have hope
Then You are Happy now! by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Three Conditions of Happiness
If you have work to do
If you have someone you love
If You have hope
Then You are Happy now!


Quote: Arrogance is, as it were, a solicitation on the part of one seeking honor for followers, whom he thinks he is entitled to treat with contempt. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Arrogance is, as it were, a solicitation on the part of one seeking honor for followers, whom he thinks he is entitled to treat with contempt.


Quote: A ruler is merely the trustee of the rights of other men and he must always stand in dread of having in some way violated these rights. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

A ruler is merely the trustee of the rights of other men and he must always stand in dread of having in some way violated these rights.




Quote: Settle, for sure and universally, what conduct will promote the happiness of a rational being. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Settle, for sure and universally, what conduct will promote the happiness of a rational being.


Quote: I ought never to act except in such a way that I could also will that my maxim should become a universal law. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

I ought never to act except in such a way that I could also will that my maxim should become a universal law.


Quote: The inscrutable wisdom through which we exist is not less worthy of veneration in respect to what it denies us than in respect to what it has granted. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

The inscrutable wisdom through which we exist is not less worthy of veneration in respect to what it denies us than in respect to what it has granted.


Quote: Act upon a maxim which, at the same time, involves its own universal validity for every rational being. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Act upon a maxim which, at the same time, involves its own universal validity for every rational being.


Quote: Sincerity is the indispensable ground of all conscientiousness, and by consequence of all heartfelt religion. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Sincerity is the indispensable ground of all conscientiousness, and by consequence of all heartfelt religion.




Quote: The ultimate destiny of the human race is the greatest moral perfection, provided that it is achieved through human freedom, whereby alone man is capable of the greatest happiness. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

The ultimate destiny of the human race is the greatest moral perfection, provided that it is achieved through human freedom, whereby alone man is capable of the greatest happiness.


Quote: Human reason is by nature architectonic. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Human reason is by nature architectonic.


Quote: A man who has tasted with profound enjoyment the pleasure of agreeable society will eat with a greater appetite than he who rode horseback for two hours. An amusing lecture is as useful for health as the exercise of the body. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

A man who has tasted with profound enjoyment the pleasure of agreeable society will eat with a greater appetite than he who rode horseback for two hours. An amusing lecture is as useful for health as the exercise of the body.


Quote: The schematicism by which our understanding deals with the phenomenal world ... is a skill so deeply hidden in the human soul that we shall hardly guess the secret trick that Nature here employs. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

The schematicism by which our understanding deals with the phenomenal world ... is a skill so deeply hidden in the human soul that we shall hardly guess the secret trick that Nature here employs.


Quote: The greatest problem for the human species, the solution of which nature compels him to seek, is that of attaining a civil society which can administer justice universally. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

The greatest problem for the human species, the solution of which nature compels him to seek, is that of attaining a civil society which can administer justice universally.


Quote: Man's greatest concern is to know how he shall properly fill his place in the universe and correctly understand what he must be in order to be a man. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Man's greatest concern is to know how he shall properly fill his place in the universe and correctly understand what he must be in order to be a man.


Quote: I learned to honor human beings, and I would find myself far more useless than the common laborer if I did not believe that this consideration could impart to all others a value establishing the rights of humanity. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

I learned to honor human beings, and I would find myself far more useless than the common laborer if I did not believe that this consideration could impart to all others a value establishing the rights of humanity.


Quote: He who would know the world must first manufacture it. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

He who would know the world must first manufacture it.


Quote: The public use of one's reason must always be free, and it alone can bring about enlightenment among men. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

The public use of one's reason must always be free, and it alone can bring about enlightenment among men.




Quote: We have no reason for assuming the form of such a thing to be still partly dependent on blind mechanism, for with such confusion of heterogeneous principles every reliable rule for estimating things would disappear. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

We have no reason for assuming the form of such a thing to be still partly dependent on blind mechanism, for with such confusion of heterogeneous principles every reliable rule for estimating things would disappear.




Quote: For if phenomena are things by themselves, freedom cannot be saved. Nature in that case is the complete and sufficient cause determining every event, and its condition is always contained in that series of phenomena only which, together with their effect, are necessary under the law of nature. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of Immanuel Kant quote: For if phenomena are things by themselves, freedom cannot be saved. Nature in that case is the complete and sufficient cause determining every event, and its condition is always contained in that series of phenomena only which, together with their effect, are necessary under the law of nature.- black text on quotes background

For if phenomena are things by themselves, freedom cannot be saved. Nature in that case is the complete and sufficient cause determining every event, and its condition is always contained in that series of phenomena only which, together with their effect, are necessary under the law of nature.




Quote: But freedom is a mere Idea, the objective reality of which can in no wise be shown according to the laws of nature, and consequently not in any possible experience; and for this reason it can never be comprehended or understood, because we cannot support it by any sort of example or analogy. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of Immanuel Kant quote: But freedom is a mere Idea, the objective reality of which can in no wise be shown according to the laws of nature, and consequently not in any possible experience; and for this reason it can never be comprehended or understood, because we cannot support it by any sort of example or analogy.- black text on quotes background

But freedom is a mere Idea, the objective reality of which can in no wise be shown according to the laws of nature, and consequently not in any possible experience; and for this reason it can never be comprehended or understood, because we cannot support it by any sort of example or analogy.


Quote: Now I say: man and generally any rational being exists as an end in himself, not merely as a means to be arbitrarily used by this or that will, but in all his actions, whether they concern himself or other rational beings, must always be regarded at the same time as an end. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of Immanuel Kant quote; white text on black background

Now I say: man and generally any rational being exists as an end in himself, not merely as a means to be arbitrarily used by this or that will, but in all his actions, whether they concern himself or other rational beings, must always be regarded at the same time as an end.


Quote: There are such manifold forms of nature; there are many modifications of the general transcendental concepts of nature that are left undetermined by the laws furnished by pure intellect a priori because these laws only concern the general possibility of nature as an object of the senses. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of Immanuel Kant quote: There are such manifold forms of nature; there are many modifications of the general transcendental concepts of nature that are left undetermined by the laws furnished by pure intellect a priori because these laws only concern the general possibility of nature as an object of the senses.- black text on quotes background

There are such manifold forms of nature; there are many modifications of the general transcendental concepts of nature that are left undetermined by the laws furnished by pure intellect a priori because these laws only concern the general possibility of nature as an object of the senses.




Quote: Happiness is not an ideal of reason but of imagination, resting solely on empirical grounds, and it is vain to expect that these should define an action by which one could attain the totality of a series of consequences which is really endless. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Happiness is not an ideal of reason but of imagination, resting solely on empirical grounds, and it is vain to expect that these should define an action by which one could attain the totality of a series of consequences which is really endless.




Quote: The infinitude of creation is great enough to make a world, or a Milky Way of worlds, look in comparison with it what a flower or an insect does in comparison with the Earth. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

The infinitude of creation is great enough to make a world, or a Milky Way of worlds, look in comparison with it what a flower or an insect does in comparison with the Earth.


Quote: The sublimity and intrinsic dignity of the command in duty are so much the more evident, the less the subjective impulses favor it and the more they oppose it, without being able in the slightest degree to weaken the obligation of the law or to diminish its validity. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of Immanuel Kant quote; white text on black background

The sublimity and intrinsic dignity of the command in duty are so much the more evident, the less the subjective impulses favor it and the more they oppose it, without being able in the slightest degree to weaken the obligation of the law or to diminish its validity.


Quote: I assert that, in any particular natural science, one encounters genuine scientific substance only to the extent that mathematics is present. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

I assert that, in any particular natural science, one encounters genuine scientific substance only to the extent that mathematics is present.




Quote: Why were a few, or a single one, made at all, if only to exist in order to be made eternally miserable, which is infinitely worse than non-existence? by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Why were a few, or a single one, made at all, if only to exist in order to be made eternally miserable, which is infinitely worse than non-existence?




Quote: The nice thing about living in a small town is that when you don't know what you're doing, someone else does. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

The nice thing about living in a small town is that when you don't know what you're doing, someone else does.


Quote: In its practical purpose the footpath of freedom is the only one on which it is possible to make use of reason in our conduct. Hence it is as impossible for the subtlest philosophy as for the commonest reasoning to argue freedom away. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

In its practical purpose the footpath of freedom is the only one on which it is possible to make use of reason in our conduct. Hence it is as impossible for the subtlest philosophy as for the commonest reasoning to argue freedom away.




Quote: If an offender has committed murder, he must die. In this case, no possible substitute can satisfy justice. For there is no parallel between death and even the most miserable life, so that there is no equality of crime and retribution unless the perpetrator is judicially put to death. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of Immanuel Kant quote: If an offender has committed murder, he must die. In this case, no possible substitute can satisfy justice. For there is no parallel between death and even the most miserable life, so that there is no equality of crime and retribution unless the perpetrator is judicially put to death.- black text on quotes background

If an offender has committed murder, he must die. In this case, no possible substitute can satisfy justice. For there is no parallel between death and even the most miserable life, so that there is no equality of crime and retribution unless the perpetrator is judicially put to death.


Quote: Our knowledge springs from two fundamental sources of the mind; the first is the capacity of receiving representations (receptivity for impressions), the second is the power of knowing an object through these representations (spontaneity in the production of concepts). by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of Immanuel Kant quote; white text on black background

Our knowledge springs from two fundamental sources of the mind; the first is the capacity of receiving representations (receptivity for impressions), the second is the power of knowing an object through these representations (spontaneity in the production of concepts).


Quote: Natural science physics contains in itself synthetical judgments a priori, as principles. ... Space then is a necessary representation a priori, which serves for the foundation of all external intuitions. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Natural science physics contains in itself synthetical judgments a priori, as principles. ... Space then is a necessary representation a priori, which serves for the foundation of all external intuitions.


Quote: Prudence reproaches; conscience accuses. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Prudence reproaches; conscience accuses.


Quote: Enlightenment is man's emergence from his self-imposed immaturity. Nothing is required for this enlightenment except freedom; and the freedom in question is the least harmful of all, namely, the freedom to use with and publicly in all matters. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Enlightenment is man's emergence from his self-imposed immaturity. Nothing is required for this enlightenment except freedom; and the freedom in question is the least harmful of all, namely, the freedom to use with and publicly in all matters.


Quote: We ourselves introduce that order and regularity in the appearance which we entitle nature. We could never find them in appearances had we not ourselves, by the nature of our own mind, originally set them there. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

We ourselves introduce that order and regularity in the appearance which we entitle nature. We could never find them in appearances had we not ourselves, by the nature of our own mind, originally set them there.


Quote: After death the soul possesses self-consciousness, otherwise, it would be the subject of spiritual death, which has already been disproved. With this self-consciousness necessarily remains personality and the consciousness of personal identity. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

After death the soul possesses self-consciousness, otherwise, it would be the subject of spiritual death, which has already been disproved. With this self-consciousness necessarily remains personality and the consciousness of personal identity.


Quote: Ours is an age of criticism, to which everything must be subjected. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Ours is an age of criticism, to which everything must be subjected.

Longer Version/[Notes]:

Ours is an age of criticism, to which everything must be subjected. The sacredness of religion, and the authority of legislation, are by many regarded as grounds for exemption from the examination by this tribunal, But, if they are exempted, and cannot lay claim to sincere respect, which reason accords only to that which has stood the test of a free and public examination.


Quote: Have patience awhile; slanders are not long-lived. Truth is the child of time; erelong she shall appear to vindicate thee. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Have patience awhile; slanders are not long-lived. Truth is the child of time; erelong she shall appear to vindicate thee.


Quote: The ideal of the supreme being is nothing but a regulative principle of reason which directs us to look upon all connection in the world as if it originated from an all-sufficient necessary cause. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

The ideal of the supreme being is nothing but a regulative principle of reason which directs us to look upon all connection in the world as if it originated from an all-sufficient necessary cause.


Quote: Marriage...is the union of two people of different sexes with a view to the mutual possession of each other's sexual attributes for the duration of their lives. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Marriage...is the union of two people of different sexes with a view to the mutual possession of each other's sexual attributes for the duration of their lives.


Quote: I am an investigator by inclination. I feel a great thirst for knowledge. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

I am an investigator by inclination. I feel a great thirst for knowledge.


Quote: Man's duty is to improve himself; to cultivate his mind; and, when he finds himself going astray, to bring the moral law to bear upon himself. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Man's duty is to improve himself; to cultivate his mind; and, when he finds himself going astray, to bring the moral law to bear upon himself.


Quote: Genius is the ability to independently arrive at and understand concepts that would normally have to be taught by another person. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Genius is the ability to independently arrive at and understand concepts that would normally have to be taught by another person.


Quote: For peace to reign on Earth, humans must evolve into new beings who have learned to see the whole first. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

For peace to reign on Earth, humans must evolve into new beings who have learned to see the whole first.


Quote: There can be no doubt that all our knowledge begins with experience. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

There can be no doubt that all our knowledge begins with experience.


Quote: If we knew that god exists, such knowledge would make morality impossible. For, if we acted morally from fear or fright, or confident of a reward, then this would not be moral. It would be enlightened selfishness. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

If we knew that god exists, such knowledge would make morality impossible. For, if we acted morally from fear or fright, or confident of a reward, then this would not be moral. It would be enlightened selfishness.


Quote: Act so that the maxim of your act could be made the principle of a universal law. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Act so that the maxim of your act could be made the principle of a universal law.


Quote: It is never too late to become reasonable and wise. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

It is never too late to become reasonable and wise.


Quote: The only thing that is good without qualification is a good will. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

The only thing that is good without qualification is a good will.


Quote: If justice perishes, human life on Earth has lost its meaning. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

If justice perishes, human life on Earth has lost its meaning.


Quote: Nature, when left to universal laws, tends to produce regularity out of chaos. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Nature, when left to universal laws, tends to produce regularity out of chaos.


Quote: A single line in the Bible has consoled me more than all the books I ever read besides. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

A single line in the Bible has consoled me more than all the books I ever read besides.


Quote: Space and time are the framework within which the mind is constrained to construct its experience of reality. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Space and time are the framework within which the mind is constrained to construct its experience of reality.


Quote: Experience without theory is blind, but theory without experience is mere intellectual play. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Experience without theory is blind, but theory without experience is mere intellectual play.


Quote: Dare to think! by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Dare to think!


Quote: Always treat people as ends in themselves, never as means to an end. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Always treat people as ends in themselves, never as means to an end.


Quote: The wise man can change his mind; the stubborn one, never. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

The wise man can change his mind; the stubborn one, never.


Quote: Our intellect does not draw its laws from nature, but it imposes its laws upon nature. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Our intellect does not draw its laws from nature, but it imposes its laws upon nature.


Quote: Man desired concord; but nature knows better what is good for his species; she desires discord. Man wants to live easy and content; but nature compels him to leave ease... and throw himself into roils and labors. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Man desired concord; but nature knows better what is good for his species; she desires discord. Man wants to live easy and content; but nature compels him to leave ease... and throw himself into roils and labors.


Quote: The death of dogma is the birth of morality. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

The death of dogma is the birth of morality.


Quote: If the truth shall kill them, let them die. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

If the truth shall kill them, let them die.


Quote: Aristotle can be regarded as the father of logic. But his logic is too scholastic, full of subtleties, and fundamentally has not been of much value to the human understanding. It is a dialectic and an organon for the art of disputation. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Aristotle can be regarded as the father of logic. But his logic is too scholastic, full of subtleties, and fundamentally has not been of much value to the human understanding. It is a dialectic and an organon for the art of disputation.


Quote: Out of the crooked timber of humanity, no straight thing was ever made. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Out of the crooked timber of humanity, no straight thing was ever made.


Quote: Freedom is independence of the compulsory will of another, and in so far as it tends to exist with the freedom of all according to a universal law, it is the one sole original inborn right belonging to every man in virtue of his humanity. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Freedom is independence of the compulsory will of another, and in so far as it tends to exist with the freedom of all according to a universal law, it is the one sole original inborn right belonging to every man in virtue of his humanity.


Quote: Immaturity is the incapacity to use one's intelligence without the guidance of another. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Immaturity is the incapacity to use one's intelligence without the guidance of another.


Quote: If, like Hume, I had all manner of adornment in my power, I would still have reservations about using them. It is true that some readers will be scared off by dryness. But isn't it necessary to scare off some if in their case the matter would end up in bad hands? by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

If, like Hume, I had all manner of adornment in my power, I would still have reservations about using them. It is true that some readers will be scared off by dryness. But isn't it necessary to scare off some if in their case the matter would end up in bad hands?


Quote: Patience is the strength of the weak, impatience is the weakness of the strong. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Patience is the strength of the weak, impatience is the weakness of the strong.


Quote: We can judge the heart of a man by his treatment of animals. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

We can judge the heart of a man by his treatment of animals.


Quote: All human knowledge begins with intuitions, proceeds from thence to concepts, and ends with ideas. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

All human knowledge begins with intuitions, proceeds from thence to concepts, and ends with ideas.


Quote: Procrastination is hardly more evil than grasping impatience. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Procrastination is hardly more evil than grasping impatience.


Quote: Imagination is a powerful agent for creating, as it were, a second nature out of the material supplied to it by actual nature. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Imagination is a powerful agent for creating, as it were, a second nature out of the material supplied to it by actual nature.


Quote: Perpetual peace is only found in the graveyard. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Perpetual peace is only found in the graveyard.


Quote: Maturity is having the courage to use one's own intelligence. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Maturity is having the courage to use one's own intelligence.


Quote: Act in such a way that you treat humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of any other, never merely as a means to an end, but always at the same time as an end. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Act in such a way that you treat humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of any other, never merely as a means to an end, but always at the same time as an end.


Quote: Rules for Happiness: something to do, someone to love, something to hope for. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Rules for Happiness: something to do, someone to love, something to hope for.


Quote: From such crooked wood as that which man is made of, nothing straight can be fashioned. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

From such crooked wood as that which man is made of, nothing straight can be fashioned.


Quote: All thought must, directly or indirectly, by way of certain characters, relate ultimately to intuitions, and therefore, with us, to sensibility, because in no other way can an object be given to us. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

All thought must, directly or indirectly, by way of certain characters, relate ultimately to intuitions, and therefore, with us, to sensibility, because in no other way can an object be given to us.


Quote: The only objects of practical reason are therefore those of good and evil. For by the former is meant an object necessarily desired according to a principle of reason; by the latter one necessarily shunned, also according to a principle of reason. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

The only objects of practical reason are therefore those of good and evil. For by the former is meant an object necessarily desired according to a principle of reason; by the latter one necessarily shunned, also according to a principle of reason.


Quote: So act that your principle of action might safely be made a law for the whole world. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

So act that your principle of action might safely be made a law for the whole world.


Quote: Religion is the recognition of all our duties as divine commands. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Religion is the recognition of all our duties as divine commands.


Quote: Seek not the favor of the multitude; it is seldom got by honest and lawful means. But seek the testimony of few; and number not voices, but weigh them. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Seek not the favor of the multitude; it is seldom got by honest and lawful means. But seek the testimony of few; and number not voices, but weigh them.


Quote: It is not necessary that whilst I live I live happily; but it is necessary that so long as I live I should live honourably. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

It is not necessary that whilst I live I live happily; but it is necessary that so long as I live I should live honourably.


Quote: A categorical imperative would be one which represented an action as objectively necessary in itself, without reference to any other purpose. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

A categorical imperative would be one which represented an action as objectively necessary in itself, without reference to any other purpose.


Quote: Live your life as though your every act were to become a universal law. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Live your life as though your every act were to become a universal law.


Quote: Out of timber so crooked as that from which man is made nothing entirely straight can be carved. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Out of timber so crooked as that from which man is made nothing entirely straight can be carved.


Quote: What can I know? What ought I to do? What can I hope? by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

What can I know? What ought I to do? What can I hope?


Quote: May you live your life as if the maxim of your actions were to become universal law. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

May you live your life as if the maxim of your actions were to become universal law.


Quote: Even philosophers will praise war as ennobling mankind, forgetting the Greek who said: 'War is bad in that it begets more evil than it kills.' by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

Even philosophers will praise war as ennobling mankind, forgetting the Greek who said: 'War is bad in that it begets more evil than it kills.'


Quote: He who is cruel to animals becomes hard also in his dealings with men. We can judge the heart of a man by his treatment of animals. by author Immanuel Kant overlaid on photo of photo of author Immanuel Kant with quote

He who is cruel to animals becomes hard also in his dealings with men. We can judge the heart of a man by his treatment of animals.


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